The high-tech architecture movement, of which the Italian architect Piano was a key proponent, was defined by buildings that utilised the latest developments in technology and industrial design. Japan 's Kansai International Airport, with its asymmetrical clear-span roof and visible structure, demonstrates many of the movement's qualities. Writing for the New York Times when it opened in , Paul Goldberger called Kansai International Airport "perhaps the most spectacular airport yet built, a mature work by one of the world's most intriguing architects and a dramatic work of engineering. It was built on an artificial island three miles offshore so that it can run 24 hours a day, without disturbing the residents of Osaka. Since it opened in , the 1.
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Building elements. Product News Kansai airport, is located on a specially built island in the Bay of Osaka. The terminal is 1. Its long and light structure was designed to withstand the violent earthquakes which often affect this region of Japan. Kansai airport rests upon the island like a glider seen in plan — the main body of the airport forming its fuselage, and the boarding gates positioned in its wings.
A notable feature, and one of primary importance in the organisation of the airport, is the unobstructed visibility of the planes themselves thanks to the uninterrupted lines of vision through the open departures level Main Terminal Building. The departure level is covered by a large, clear-span, undulating roof of asymmetrical form. It was decided that the air could simply be projected across the space, from the rear of the building towards the front, runway side.
It is this predicted trajectory of the air that is mimicked in the form of the roof we see today. Having thus avoided enclosed air distribution ducts suspended from the ceiling, the vast structure is left exposed. Beneath, blade-like deflectors serve not only to guide the airflow, but also to reflect the light coming in through skylights in the roof.
Mobile sculptures by sculptor Susumu Shingu affixed to the ceiling are in continuous movement, testimony to these moving air streams. Three-dimensional beams spanning 80 m follow the cross-sectional asymmetrical form of the roof, supported at their extremities by pairs of inclined columns. Their glazed facades address the runway, while their opaque, curved roof sweeps down to turn its back on the distant coastline.
Geometrical studies led to the development of a mathematical model that would guarantee the maximum standardisation of components for the building.
Renzo Piano Building Workshop, architects — N. Okabe, senior partner in charge in association with Nikken Sekkei Ltd. Nyunt landscaping. Try Visual Search Search with a picture instead of text. Drag one image here or browse. Kitchen Bath Wellness. Sanitaryware Kitchen. Interior lighting Outdoor lighting. Textiles Parking systems Floor Wall. Materials Doors Windows Staircases Building construction. Latest stories Upcoming fairs Recent architecture projects Magazine.
All Product News Publish your product news. Renzo Piano Building Workshop. Kansai International Airport Co. Visitors also selected Visitors interested in this project also looked at these projects:. Shenzhen Bao'an International Airport, Terminal 3. Pulkovo Airport. Grimshaw Architects St. Petersburg, Russian Federation, The Dornier Museum.
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Kansai Airport: The World's Longest Airport
Kansai opened on 4 September to relieve overcrowding at the original Osaka International Airport , referred to as Itami Airport , which is closer to the city of Osaka and now handles only domestic flights. It consists of two terminals: Terminal 1 and Terminal 2. Terminal 1, designed by Italian architect Renzo Piano , is the longest airport terminal in the world with a length of 1. The airport serves as an international hub for All Nippon Airways , Japan Airlines , and Nippon Cargo Airlines , and also serves as a hub for Peach , the first international low-cost carrier in Japan. In , Freight volume was at , tonnes total, of which , t were international 18th in the world , and 44, t were domestic.
As part of an important new documentary, Conversations with Renzo Piano, the Italian architect explores the inspirations behind his kite-like terminal building for Kansai International Airport in Osaka Bay, Japan; the opportunities and constraints of designing for a site that did not yet exist; and the process required to create an earthquake-proof structure for the project. Maestros In Conversation will premiere in , and will be followed by a series of printed publications combining each audiovisual interview with a booklet specially written and illustrated for by the architect and the director. Basic HTML code is allowed. Icon Magazine.
Kansai International Airport
The most impressive airports ever built continues to be one of the most important engineering feats of the century. The world's longest airport isn't new, in fact, it's been around for over 20 years. This incredible feat of engineering was built on its own island, constructed from three surrounding mountains and millions of cubic meters of concrete. Completed in , the Kansai International Airport is an architectural and engineering marvel in all of its features.