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This article will cover incorporating pictures and diagrams into LaTeX documents. If you're dealing strictly with geometric diagrams, consider reading about Asymptote , a graphics language that works extremely well with LaTeX--as you can see from the length of this article, working with graphics and pictures without Asymptote in LaTeX is no easy feat.
You can use more filetypes than just. You could also produce geometric diagrams within LaTeX as shown in the Asymptote article. Otherwise, if you are using LaTeX to produce PDF documents, you can make images such as geometric diagrams in your documents. The machine that we'll use to include images is the graphicx package.
To walk through this example, first download a sample image by clicking here to open the image, then save it to your own computer. Alternatively, depending on your browser, you may be able to right-click on the link to the image and choose "Save link as Make sure you pay attention to what folder you are saving the image to. Save your source file in the same folder as you saved myimage. Very important - if you save it in a different folder, you will get an error!
Compile your source code and view the result. If you followed all the steps correctly, you should get a file that looks a lot like what you'll see when you click here.
This line includes the package graphicx, which contains all the image-handling routines you need to include images. To include a specific image, we use the statement:. Note that some of these commands work with text as well see reflecting - diagrams are not the only items that can be reflected, rotated, etc. In practice, the centering is the only one of the above you're likely to use much with text. We'll start where we left off on the How To page.
If you haven't already reviewed that page, do so now. Make sure you save the myimage. Our original source code is:. This optional command goes in brackets [ For example,.
The first two coordinates are the x,y coordinates in pixels of the lower left corner of the portion of the image file you want to include. The second two coordinates are the upper right values of x,y. Try changing the values in the original source file and see what happens. For example, the code above should result in a document like this. You can see that we only have a 90x90 pixel part of the image. If we had omitted it:.
To set the coordinates for an image, it is sometimes easiest to use trial and error, but it's also possible to read the coordinates by loading the image in GIMP for a png or ghostview for a ps or pdf and moving the cursor. One issue to watch out for is spacing. Suppose we take out the empty lines from our original source code:. If you compile this, you should get something that looks like this.
By removing the blank lines, we are telling LaTeX to try to put the image in the same line as the text. You see the mess that results. Generally, put an extra line before and after your image inclusion in your source file and you should be fine. This will also help you find the image in the source file if you need to edit. This scaled our figure by a factor of 0. We can also scale the picture by explicitly setting the width and the height by using the width and height optional commands.
For example:. This rotates our picture 45 degrees counterclockwise , as shown here. See the result here - note that the text in the center of the image now reads backwards! These can be used with text as well as graphics, to produce some funky effects:. The output document shows text that is doubled in size, rotated 60 degrees, and reflected. The code above should give you something like this. Lost your activation email?
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This article will cover incorporating pictures and diagrams into LaTeX documents. If you're dealing strictly with geometric diagrams, consider reading about Asymptote , a graphics language that works extremely well with LaTeX--as you can see from the length of this article, working with graphics and pictures without Asymptote in LaTeX is no easy feat. You can use more filetypes than just. You could also produce geometric diagrams within LaTeX as shown in the Asymptote article.
Crop figures with includegraphics
First of all, make sure to include the graphicx package in the preamble of your LaTeX source file. The following command exemplifies how to crop, resize and rotate figures in LaTeX. Reference: For more options, refer to this. November 4, at AM. February 10, at AM.