As a courtier of Luis Antonio, Boccherini joined the exile, and found himself with much time for composition , and there completed more than one hundred pieces. Musica notturna delle strade di Madrid describes the bustling streets of night-time Madrid ; about the composition, critic Jaume Tortella writes:. The composition was famous in Spain during Boccherini's life; the best-known versions are arrangements of the Ritirata Retreat movement incorporated to the G piano quintet, and the G guitar quintet. Since the mid-twentieth-century revival of interest in the music of Luigi Boccherini, the Ritirata became well-known; Luciano Berio used it as the basis for a composition superimposing the four known settings of the Ritirata , all playing concurrently, ebbing and flowing synchronously and asynchronously. Despite its slightly jokey nature, like Berio's folk-song settings, his Ritirata interpretation is attractive and approachable [ citation needed ] , acknowledging and expanding upon Boccherini's composition. Composed for two violins, a viola , and two cellos, the Night Music of the Streets of Madrid quintet is in the C major key , and is approximately 13 minutes in duration.
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Quattro versioni originali della "Ritirata notturna di Madrid" is an arrangement by Luciano Berio of a movement from Luigi Boccherini 's Musica notturna delle strade di Madrid. The full title of the composition is Quattro versioni originali della "Ritirata notturna di Madrid" di Luigi Boccherini, sovrapposte e transcritte per orchestra Italian : Four Original Versions from Luigi Boccherini's "Withdrawal by Night in Madrid", superimposed and transcribed for orchestra.
This arrangement was composed in Luciano Berio received a commission by La Scala Theatre Orchestra in , in which Berio was asked to write a short piece that would serve as an opening composition.
Berio decided that he could arrange a movement from Boccherini's Musica notturna delle strade di Madrid , which is also called the Ritirata notturna di Madrid. At the time, up to four different versions of the same movement were known, as Boccherini originally arranged them for various musical forces. Berio decided to superimpose them with minor alterations to create a stratified sound structure. This was not the first time that Berio came to the spotlight for arranging or transcribing pieces of other composers, given that a fair part of Berio's success as a composer came because he usually worked on adaptations and arrangements not only of compositions by other classical composers, but also of his own compositions, as he did with Rendering , the finale of Puccini's Turandot , and some of Berio's Sequenzas , which were later reworked into Chemins.
The piece was finished in in Rome and was dedicated to Davide Bellugi. It was later published by Universal Edition in The composition is in only one movement and takes 6 to 7 minutes to perform. However, it is in a theme and variations form. The whole piece can be structured into one initial introductory section, in which a solo second violin and the drums indicate the ostinato rhythm, the theme, and eleven variations in which the melodies are further developed, which are followed by a final coda.
These sections are not separated, but the variations are marked in the original score as such. The composition is scored for a large orchestra, consisting of three flutes, two oboes, one English horn, two clarinets in B-flat, one bass clarinet in B-flat, two bassoons, one contrabassoon, four French horns in F, four trumpets in C, three trombones, one bass tuba, timpani, a percussion section consisting of three percussionists playing two snare drums, one bass drum and one triangle, harp and a full string section.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Quattro versioni originali della "Ritirata notturna di Madrid" by Luciano Berio Luciano Berio, at the time of the composition. Rovi Corporations. Retrieved 25 March Decca Records. Quattro versioni originali della "Ritirata notturna di madrid," sovrapposte e transcritte per orchestra Milano: Universal Edition.
Rovi Corporation. Luciano Berio. Un re in ascolto Cronaca del luogo. Nones Rendering. A Garland for Dr. Requiem of Reconciliation. Portal:Classical music. Categories : Compositions by Luciano Berio compositions Compositions for orchestra Arrangements of classical compositions Contemporary classical compositions.
Luigi Boccherini: Quattro versioni originali della Ritirata Notturna di Madrid di L. Boccherini
Ritirata notturna di Madrid