Aryabhata , also called Aryabhata I or Aryabhata the Elder , born , possibly Ashmaka or Kusumapura, India , astronomer and the earliest Indian mathematician whose work and history are available to modern scholars. He is also known as Aryabhata I or Aryabhata the Elder to distinguish him from a 10th-century Indian mathematician of the same name. He flourished in Kusumapura—near Patalipurta Patna , then the capital of the Gupta dynasty —where he composed at least two works, Aryabhatiya c. Aryabhata became famous as a mathematician and astronomer.
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It is however definite that he travelled to Kusumapara modern day Patna for studies and even resided there for some time. It is mentioned in a few places that Aryabhata was the head of the educational institute in Kusumapara.
The University of Nalanda had an observatory in its premises so it is hypothesized that Aryabhata was the principal of the university as well. On the other hand some other commentaries mention that he belonged to Kerala.
Aryabhata wrote many mathematical and astronomical treatises. The name of this treatise was not given to it by Aryabhata but by later commentators. This is a very literal name because the treatise did in fact consist of verses.
It covers several branches of mathematics such as algebra, arithmetic, plane and spherical trigonometry. Also included in it are theories on continued fractions, sum of power series, sine tables and quadratic equations. Aryabhata worked on the place value system using letters to signify numbers and stating qualities. He also came up with an approximation of pi and area of a triangle. Aryabhata also did a considerable amount of work in astronomy.
He knew that the earth is rotating on an axis around the sun and the moon rotated around it. He also discovered the position of nine planets and stated that these also revolved around the sun. He pointed out the eclipses; both lunar and solar. Aryabhata stated the correct number of days in a year that is He was the first person to mention that the earth was not flat but in fact a spherical shape. He also gave the circumference and diameter of the earth and the radius of the orbits of 9 planets.
Aryabhata was a very intelligent man. The theories that he came up with at that time present a wonder to the scientific world today. His works were used by the Greeks and the Arabs to develop further. A commentary by Bhaskara I a century later on Aryabhatiya says:. Aryabhata was an immense influence to mathematics and astronomy.
Many of his works inspired Arabs more particularly. He has been honored in many ways. I think there is typographical error. Thank you so much for picking this up and letting us know. You are indeed correct, and it has been corrected. It is very nicely said about him. Your email address will not be published. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam.
Learn how your comment data is processed. Mathematical Work Aryabhata wrote many mathematical and astronomical treatises. Astronomical Work Aryabhata also did a considerable amount of work in astronomy.
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Aryabhata (Mathematician): History & Biography
Aryabhatta is a renowned mathematician and astronomer of ancient India. He was born in CE in Bihar. He studied at the University of Nalanda. One of his major works was Aryabhatiya written in AD. The book dealt with many topics like astronomy, spherical trigonometry, arithmetic, algebra and plane trigonometry. He jotted his inventions in mathematics and astronomy in verse form.
India’s Ancient Genius: Unraveling the Story of Aryabhatta’s Astounding Scientific Feats!
Aryabhata was one of the great mathematicians and astronomers from the classical era in India. In fact, he is considered to be the first great mathematician in a long line of visionary mathematicians who would emerge from India from the classical era onward. His published works were many years ahead of their time and a significant amount of modern mathematics and astronomy can be traced back to the studies and works associated with him. Aryabhata was born around A. Historians cannot be completely sure when he was born, but one of his works notes it was written around 3, years into the Kali Yuga, so a rough estimation about the time in which he was born can be ascertained. It is really not even known were for sure he was born as Ashmaka. It might be considered a nickname of sorts for Maharashtra or Dhaka.
Aryabhatta was only 23 when he composed his mathematical treatise— Aryabhatiya. The entire script was written in Sanskrit and hence reads like a poetic verse rather than a practical manual. A ryabhatta, also called Aryabhatta I was born possibly around C. Aryabhatta was one of the earliest Indian mathematicians and astronomers whose pioneering work in these fields is still referenced by many modern scholars. The work in Aryabhatiya is so extensive and detailed that it was years ahead of any work of the time. There were also other Jain mathematicians whose work also contributed to mathematics. But what makes Aryabhatiya so different is the way it was written.
It is however definite that he travelled to Kusumapara modern day Patna for studies and even resided there for some time. It is mentioned in a few places that Aryabhata was the head of the educational institute in Kusumapara. The University of Nalanda had an observatory in its premises so it is hypothesized that Aryabhata was the principal of the university as well. On the other hand some other commentaries mention that he belonged to Kerala.