15 DAKIKADA EVIEWS PDF

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She h She has taught and performed research and outreach for over 20 years. After completing her undergraduate studies with a degree from Istanbul University, she began her academic career as a research assistant until in the Department of Econometrics, Faculty of Economics, Istanbul University, Istanbul, Turkey.

Since in Kadir Has University, she has served as chairperson of several programs and departments as well as academic and executive board member in many faculties such as since ; she has been a member of the faculty academic and executive board and served as the Economics department chairperson between Prof Ucal is also the recipient of many awards.

Additionally, she received two above-threshold awards for her projects, which is submitted for H calls delivered by the Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey. As for electronic money it must be an essential tool for developed countries. Today, electronic money and electronic payment systems are popular for retail Today, electronic money and electronic payment systems are popular for retail transactions in financial services on the internet.

These changes, in turn, have led to the emergence of two new forms of retail payment systems: electronic cash and banking from home or company by personal computer. Transactions are based on trust. But Turkey has not caught law frame for electronic money system. Key Words: Current payment systems, e-money, Electronic cash, Transaction. Money , Monetary economics, money and banking, alternative and complementary currencies.

Save to Library. Turkish public preferences for energy more. Public concern over energy supplies, prices, sustainability and efficiency has emerged as a major issue around the world. Yet most of what we know regarding public opinion on energy comes from North America and Europe. This paper presents This paper presents the results from the Turkish Public Preferences for Energy Survey, which included respondents and examined Turkish residents' household energy consumption, energy policy preferences, and environmental concerns.

The main findings were that Turkish citizens consider natural gas and electricity highly expensive, view dependence on imported energy as Turkey's most pressing energy challenge, and recognize the problem of climate change. This lends public support for wind and solar power, but, at the same time, energy issues and the environment policies of political parties do not affect voting choices and political preferences.

Doi: Energy and Energy Policy. Varligi bir dert yoklugu yara form degistiriyor more. E-Money and Electronic Money and Banking. Economics and Climate Change. It is one of the sets of interdisciplinary books by Springer World Sustainability It is one of the sets of interdisciplinary books by Springer World Sustainability Series and focuses on economic growth with ecological concerns. This specialization is well defined, as the book features a careful organization of articles, in terms of scope and depth.

It overall fulfills its promise of filling gaps in our understanding of green growth, and various chapters of this book discuss some of the most important related issues. Despite a broad consensus that we face a global environmental crisis, the authors differ regarding the scale of the social changes required to overcome it. This book advocates approaching the subject from a green economic perspective and a green growth ideology in order to cope with the crisis.

Several chapters analyze sustainable development, the green economy, green growth and related concepts, while others examine the subject descriptively, methodologically and statistically or through country case studies. Green Economy. However, FDI has no statistically significant long-run effects. In the long run, decreases in exports reduce CO2 emissions per capita but increases in exports have no statistically significant effects.

Increases in imports push up CO2 emissions per capita, while decreases in imports have no long-run effects. On the other hand, CO2 intensity, which measures CO2 emissions per unit of energy, is not influenced by exports and imports, nor by FDI.

Instead, it is affected positively by financial development and urbanization. Also, we find that an environmental Kuznets curve is present for both CO2 measures so that increases in real GDP per capita have led to reductions in CO2 emissions for at least the most recent decade, controlling for other confounding factors. Furthermore, the sectoral shares of CO2 emissions in total CO2 emissions change asymmetrically with foreign trade for two of four sectors, with export increases leading to lower CO2 shares and imports having the opposite effect.

Low female labor force participation is a conspicuous issue in the literature. Based on this information, women's perspectives of the determinants of female labor force participation in thirteen member states of the Arab League in Based on this information, women's perspectives of the determinants of female labor force participation in thirteen member states of the Arab League in relation to the region's patriarchal culture and conservative social norms is discussed in this paper.

Probit modelling is applied to the sixth wave of the World Values Survey data , which to examine the relationship between female labor force participation and socio-cultural variables, such as women's perceptions about the importance of religion, the priority of religion compared with science, the importance of traditions for women, the priority of men concerning the right to a job and the importance of a job for women's independence, and personal characteristics, such as women's social class, marital status, number of children, educational level and age.

The results indicate that the number of children and the importance given to tradition and religion by women are obstacles to increasing their labor force participation. View on doi. This study explored the possible impact of perceived income on individual perceived happiness in Eastern and Western Germany in relation to perceived trust and four socio-economic variables, namely gender, age, marital status and This study explored the possible impact of perceived income on individual perceived happiness in Eastern and Western Germany in relation to perceived trust and four socio-economic variables, namely gender, age, marital status and employment status.

To examine the relationship between these variables, a generalized ordered logit model was applied using the World Values Survey data. Bootstrapping and marginal effects were used to obtain a more robust model. The findings provided insights regarding the impact of perceived income and perceived trust on individual perceived happiness in both regions after reunification.

Perceived income had a positive effect on all happiness categories in both regions. Perceived trust had a stronger positive impact on individual happiness than that of perceived income, although its significance varied across individual perceived happiness categories.

Analysis of marginal effects revealed differences between the base models. View on panoeconomicus. Energy-saving behavior of Turkish women: A consumer survey on the use of home appliances more. This paper focuses on energy-related attitudes and behaviors of Turkish women, who are the main users of electrical home appliances responsible for most household energy consumption.

Answers from female respondents surveyed through a Answers from female respondents surveyed through a unique questionnaire formed the dataset. The results from analysis of variance show that education has a significant effect on the relationship between energy saving and awareness and attitudes about climate change. Significant differences also exist between education level groups in terms of knowledge of the classification of energy-saving electrical home appliances.

Responses to questions related to energy-saving purchasing behaviors are consistently higher for knowledgeable respondents. The paper then uses factor analysis and ordinal logit models to reveal interactions between energy-saving behavior regarding electrical home appliances and several factors, namely awareness, sensitivity, essentials, and receptiveness.

The identification of these factors can provide useful insights for policy makers that enable them to construct energy-saving policies specifically tailored toward women. Energy , Energy efficiency , and Home Appliances. View on journals. Eviews Software. The objective of this research was to find a sound indicator to provide timely warnings to emerging economies of approaching debt crises. To achieve this, we used the solvency ratio of external-debt SRED as an analytical tool, by To achieve this, we used the solvency ratio of external-debt SRED as an analytical tool, by applying it to the case of Turkish external debt between and Analysis of our results indicated that the SRED was a powerful indicator of Turkey's external debt crisis.

Government solvency. Relationship between financial crisis and foreign direct investment in developing countries using semiparametric regression approach more. This paper analyses whether and to what extent the in flow of FDI is affected before and after the occurrence of a financial crisis in developing countries. The results indicate that FDI in flows decrease in the years after a financial crisis and an upturn in FDI in flows the year before a financial crisis hit the country.

Turkish real estate markets have, until relatively recently, been characterized by an absence of a widespread mortgage system, high interest rates, high intermediation spreads — described in detail in Gokkent et al.

A vector autoregression model is employed in order to examine macroeconomic factors that affect real estate markets in Turkey. A large number of variables were examined and found to have a relatively small impact. These included exchange rates — not particularly surprising, given that housing is a non-traded good; in any case, its filtered effect on inflation was directly captured by the inclusion of a variable for consumer prices — and interest rates — again, not surprising given the lack of a longstanding mortgage market because of macroeconomic instability.

A finding of this article is the importance of innovations in CPI in accounting for a relatively larger share of the variability in home prices, a result that is consistent with the view of homes as an anti-inflationary hedge and a reflection of chronic macroeconomic instability in Turkey. The result for wages indicates that income change is not crucial in determining home prices, again, a result that is supported by other country studies.

Modeling and forecasting the demand for industrial roundwood in Turkey: A primary econometric approach more. This study is a primary econometric analysis to explore the factors explaining the changes in industrial roundwood demand in Turkey. The study also includes demand forecasts based on the econometric models proposed herein. We constructed We constructed two separate econometric models: one for national demand for domestically-produced sawlog, and the other for national demand for domestically-produced non-sawlog industrial roundwood.

Models were originally designed in multiplicative form. The original models are then converted into the log-linear form so that the relevant coefficients of the regression equations would immediately reflect the elasticities. Estimation of the model parameters are based on a panel data set of fifteen years by twenty seven regional forest directorates in the country.

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