Mikroalbuminuri er associeret med firedobbelt risiko for iskaemisk hjertesygdom blandt hypertensive. The aim of this population-based, follow-up study of hypertensive patients was to assess the predictive impact En litteraturgennemgang. The European Union is financing a large-scale campaign, in which olive oil is represented as the optimal fat for dietetic prevention of coronary heart disease Prognostisk vaerdi af N-terminal pro B-type natriuretisk peptid hos patienter med stabil iskaemisk hjertesygdom --sekundaerpublikation.

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Feeding status of the parasitoid Diadegma semiclausum affects biological control of Plutella xylostella: a simulation study. Life history characteristics of the diamondback moth DBM , Plutella xylostella, a worldwide pest on cruciferous crops, and its important natural enemy, the parasitoid Diadegma semiclausum have intensely been studied. In addition, the searching behaviour of the parasitoid and the role of foraging.

Directory of Open Access Journals Sweden. Full Text Available Diadegma fenestrale is known as a parasitoid of the potato tuber moth, Phthorimaea operculella. The potato tuber moth, Phthorimaea operculella Zeller is one of the most destructive pest of potatoes. Also, we found this species attacking the diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella Lepidoptera: Plutellidae. This species and the genus Diadegma are recorded for the first time from Korea.

In this paper, description of the parasitoid and photographs of the diagnostic characteristics are provided. The herbivore-induced plant volatile methyl salicylate negatively affects attraction of the parasitoid Diadegma semiclausum. The indirect defense mechanisms of plants comprise the production of herbivore-induced plant volatiles that can attract natural enemies of plant attackers.

One of the often emitted compounds after herbivory is methyl salicylate MeSA. Here, we studied the importance of this caterpillar-induced compound in the attraction of the parasitoid wasp Diadegma semiclausum by using a mutant Arabidopsis line. This suggests that the presence of MeSA has negative effects on parasitoid host-finding behavior when exposed to wild-type production of herbivore-induced Arabidopsis volatiles.

Furthermore, in line with this, we recorded a positive correlation between MeSA dose and repellence of D. Interspecific competition between Diadegma semiclausum Hellen and Diadegma mollipla Holmgren , parasitoids of the diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella L , feeding on a new host plant.

Interspecific competition between an introduced parasitoid species aimed at controlling a herbivorous pest species and a native parasitoid parasitising the same host may influence the success of classical biological control programmes.

In Kenya, interspecific competition between an introduced and a local parasitoid on two diamondback moth populations DBM, Plutella xylostella was investigated on two different host plants. We tested simultaneous and delayed competition of the local parasitoid Diadegma mollipla Holmgren and its exotic congenus D.

Under simultaneous competition, D. A head start of D. Mollipla, of four and eight hours before its congenus was introduced, resulted in a similar number of progeny of both species. In delayed competition time intervals of 24 h, 48 h and 72 h , progeny production was similar for both parasitoids when the time interval was 24 h, irrespective of which species parasitized first. More progeny was produced by the species which attacked first, when the time interval was greater than 24 h, although it was only significant at 72 h.

Competitive abilites of both parasitoids on the new host plant differed largely between laboratory and semi-field conditions. The influence of two host plants snowpea and cabbage on competition was studied in the greenhouse with different host and parasitoid densities.

Parasitism levels of D. As compared to the confinement of parasitoids and larvae to small containers, D. Competitive ability of the two parasitoid species tested was influenced both by the density of the searching females and by. Deep sequencing-based transcriptome analysis of Plutella xylostella larvae parasitized by Diadegma semiclausum. Background Parasitoid insects manipulate their hosts' physiology by injecting various factors into their host upon parasitization.

Transcriptomic approaches provide a powerful approach to study insect host-parasitoid interactions at the molecular level. In order to investigate the effects of parasitization by an ichneumonid wasp Diadegma semiclausum on the host Plutella xylostella , the larval transcriptome profile was analyzed using a short-read deep sequencing method Illumina.

Symbiotic polydnaviruses PDVs associated with ichneumonid parasitoids, known as ichnoviruses, play significant roles in host immune suppression and developmental regulation.

In the current study, D. Five of these genes encode proteins of unknown identity, that have not previously been reported. Parasitization had significant impacts on expression levels of identified insect host transcripts. Gene ontology data illustrated that the majority of the differentially expressed genes are involved in binding, catalytic activity, and metabolic and cellular processes.

In addition, the results show that transcription levels of antimicrobial peptides, such as gloverin, cecropin E and lysozyme, were up-regulated after parasitism.

Expression of ichnovirus genes were detected in parasitized larvae with 19 unique sequences identified from five PDV gene families including vankyrin, viral innexin, repeat elements, a cysteine-rich motif, and polar residue rich protein. Vankyrin 1 and repeat element 1 genes showed the highest transcription levels among the DsIV genes.

Conclusion This study provides detailed information on differential expression of P. A completely randomized design consisted of 5 treatments 4 concentrations of conidial suspension: 5 x , 3. The results indicated that the mortality of P. A significant reduction in pupation and adult emergence of P.

The fungus might also result in a male-biased sex ratio of the surviving P. When applied at a concentration of 1. Thus, despite its potential as a biological control agent against P.

Abstrak Proposal. Full Text Available Untuk keperluan ilmu kedokteran, penelitian tentang penggunaan zat teraputik, profilaksis, diagnostik dan alat baru pada manusia, merupakan hal yang tidak dapat dihindarkan. Syarat utama secara nasional maupun internasional dalam kode etik penelitian pada manusia, dan juga pada banyak perundang-undangan nasional, adalah bahwa zat atau alat baru tidak boleh digunakan untuk pertama kali pada manusia, kecuali bila sebelumnya telah diuji pada hewan dan diperoleh kesan yang cukup mengenai keamanannya.

Home; Journals; Sadhana. Articles written in Sadhana. Volume 41 Issue 9 September pp The safety of the foundations of submerged hydraulic Vulvovaginitis pada anak. Vulvovaginitis merupakan masalah ginekologi yang paling sering ditemukan pada anak dan remaja, tetapi umumnya masih kurang mendapat perhatian di kalangan dokter spesialis anak. Vulvovaginitis dapat disebabkan infeksi bakteri, virus, jamur, protozoa, cacing, benda asing, trauma, reaksi alergi, atau merupakan bagian dari penyakit sistemik.

Vulvovaginitis bakterialis dapat berupa vulvovaginitis non spesifik dan spesifik. Vulvovaginitis non spesifik biasanya terjadi pada pasien den Kelainan Hemostasis pada Leukemia. Full Text Available AbstrakLatar belakang: Leukemia adalah penyakit keganasan pada jaringan hematopoietik yang ditandai denganpenggantian elemen sumsum tulang normal oleh sel darah abnormal atau sel leukemik. Salah satu manifestasi klinisdari leukemia adalah perdarahan yang disebabkan oleh berbagai kelainan hemostasis.

Kelainan hemostasis yang dapat terjadi pada leukemia berupa trombositopenia, disfungsi trombosit,koagulasi intravaskuler diseminata, defek protein koagulasi, fibrinolisis primer dan trombosis.

Patogenesis danpatofosiologi kelainan hemostasis pada leukemia tersebut terjadi dengan berbagai mekanisme. Kata kunci: leukemia, kelainan hemostasisAbstractBackground: AbstractLeukemia is a malignancy of hematopoietic tissue which is characterized bysubstituted of bone marrow element with abnormal blood cell or leukemic cell.

One of clinical manifestation ofleukemia is bleeding that is caused by several hemostasis disorders. Hemostasis disorders in leukemia such asthrombocytopenia, platelet dysfunction, disseminated intravascular coagulation, coagulation protein defect, primaryfibrinolysis and thrombosis.

Pathogenesis and pathophysiology of thus hemostasis disorders in leukemia occur withdifferent mechanism. Keywords: leukemia, hemostasis disorder. Hepatitis C pada Anak. Penularan infeksi HCV pada anak yang utama adalah melalui transfusi darah atau produk darah yang saat ini bertanggung jawab menyebabkan kasus hepatitis C kronis.

Selain itu infeksi HCV pada anak dapat disebabkan oleh transmisi perinatal vertikal. Pada umumnya infeksi HCV bersifat asimptomatik termasuk pada anak. Karena tidak ada gejala yang jelas pada infeksi HCV tersebut maka diagnosis infeksi HCV hanya dapat ditegakkan dengan pemeriksaan awal laboratorium dan uji serologi, dan bila perlu dengan uji molekuler pada pasien dengan risiko tinggi.

Kebijakan kuratif khusus terhadap HCV adalah terapi antivirus berupa interferon dan ribavirin yang diberikan bila diagnosis HCV sudah ditegakkanKata kunci: Hepatitis C, diagnosis and management problem, childrenAbstractHepatitis C virus infection is still a serious problem.

Transmission of HCV infection in children is a major blood transfusion or blood products that are currently responsible for causing chronic hepatitis C cases. Additionally HCV infection in children can be caused by perinatal transmission vertical. In most cases of HCV infection are asymptomatic, including in children.

Since there are no obvious symptoms in the diagnosis of HCV infection HCV infection can only be confirmed by laboratory examinations and serologic testing early, and if necessary with molecular testing in patients at high risk.

Curative policy is specific to HCV antiviral therapy such as interferon and ribavirin are given when the diagnosis of HCV has been established. Full Text Available Jumlah penderita infeksi saluran kemih ISK pada geriatri di Indonesia akan semakin meningkat dan menjadi penyebab kedua tersering setelah pneumonia. Pendekatan diagnosis dan terapi ISK pada geriatri memiliki kekhususan. Ada tidaknya gejala dan tanda spesifik serta bagaimana cara pengambilan spesimen turut berperan dalam diagnosis ISK pada geriatri.

Faktor predisposisi penderita ISK pada geriatri meliputi diabetes melitus, gizi kurang, gangguan faal kognitif, depresi, gangguan status fungsional, prostatitis, riwayat operasi, dan prolaps vagina. Gejala dan tanda yang sering muncul adalah sindrom delirium, inkontinensia urin dan syncope yang diawali oleh penurunan nafsu makan.

Kata Kunci : infeksi saluran kemih ISK, geriatri. The impact of the release of irradiated Diamondback moth DBM Plutella xylostella L with a dose of Gy was studied in field cage experiments by releasing of irradiated and untreated DBM at a ratio.

Releasing male and female F-1 of irradiated DBM caused a considerable level of sterility in the subsequent generations. The sterility level in those respective generations were Inundative releases of irradiated males caused the level of sterility to reach about The effect of the release of irradiated male Cabbage web worm CWW moths Crocidolomia binotalis Z , and the release of both sexes on the population were studied under laboratory cage conditions.

The effects of combining two tactics, inherited sterility and the release of parasitoid Diadegma semiclausums H for controlling DBMS were studied. The pupal viability in the F-1 generation was The impacts of respective single tactic the release of F-1 males and parasitoid D. The effects of the release of sub sterile insects in a small area of about m 2 located at an isolated area in the forest in Malang, East Java was found that average number of moths caught per week from first to the fifth month at the release area was about Population growth of parasitoid D.

Hipoplasia enamel merupakan gangguan pada masa pemhentukan matriks organik yang menyebabkan gangguan struktur pada enamel sehingga secara klinis terlihat pada suatu bagian dari gigi tidak terbentuk enamel dan kadang-kadang sama sekali tidak terbentuk enamel, serta diikuti dengan perubahan warna pada gigi. Dikenal berbagai faktor penyebab hipoplasia enamel, salah satunya adalah penyakit eksantema yaitu menyebabkan infeksi pada bayi dan anak-anak.



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