It is not well understood that the word 'Upanishad' really means the same thing as the word 'Yoga'. Yoga means the sadana required for bringing the soul and God in union; and Upanishad is also the teaching of the Sadana whereby man can come nearer and nearer God by destroying the bonds that bind him. And in the passage we quote below, and in several others, the Upanishad is used as a synonym for yoga. And this derivation really explains the scope of an Upanishad, a misunderstanding of which has led to no end of confusion. The Siddhanti takes the Upanishad as the text book of the Yoga-pada or school. And the other padas are Sariya-pada, Kriya-pada, and Gnana-pada.
|Published (Last):||13 September 2019|
|PDF File Size:||17.98 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||4.47 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
It is classified as a Shaiva Upanishad, and survives into the modern times in two versions, one attached to the Krishna Yajurveda and other attached to the Atharvaveda. It is, as an Upanishad, a part of the corpus of Vedanta literature collection that present the philosophical concepts of Hinduism.
The Upanishad extols Shiva , aloneness and renunciation, describes the inner state of man in his personal spiritual journey detached from the world. The text is notable for presenting Shaivism in Vedanta, discussing Atman Soul, Self and its relation to Brahman , and Self-knowledge as the path to kaivalya liberation. The text, states Paul Deussen — a German Indologist and professor of Philosophy, is particularly beautiful in the way it describes the self-realized man who "feels himself only as the one divine essence that lives in all", who feels identity of his and everyone's consciousness with God Shiva, highest Atman , who has found this highest Atman within, in the depths of his heart.
The Sanskrit word Kaivalya means "aloneness, isolation", and refers to someone who has renounced and isolated himself from all attachments to worldly desires. The term Upanishad means it is knowledge or "hidden doctrine" text that belongs to the corpus of Vedanta literature collection presenting the philosophical concepts of Hinduism and considered the highest purpose of its scripture, the Vedas.
The Kaivalya Upanishad, remarks Deussen, is from the group of five Upanishads which extol and assert god Shiva as a symbolism for Atman soul. The manuscripts of this minor  Upanishad is sometimes attached to the Krishna Yajurveda,  or alternatively attached to the Atharvaveda. The Kaivalya Upanishad manuscripts vary, depending on which Veda it is attached to.
The Upanishad is presented as a discourse between the Vedic sage Ashvalayana and the god Brahma , wherein the Ashvalayana asks Brahma for Brahma-vidya , that is the knowledge of ultimate reality Brahman. The Upanishad's structure is notable as it embeds key parts of verses from early Principal Upanishads , thus referencing them and yet building its own message. The fragments of earlier major Upanishads it thus integrates within it, include Mundaka Upanishad and Shvetashvatara Upanishad. The text is also notable for presenting Shaivism with Vedanta terminology, discussing the relationship of Atman Soul, Self and Brahman ultimate Reality , and Self-knowledge as the means to Kaivalya liberation.
He who sees himself in all beings, And all beings in him, attains the highest Brahman , not by any other means. The Upanishad opens with sage Ashvalayana meeting Brahma, the creator god in Hindu trimurti. Ashvalayana is a revered Vedic sage, mentioned in the Rigveda ,  student of the ancient grammarian Shaunaka , and belonging to the Hindu tradition of forest hermits who wander.
Brahma answers, asserts verse 2 of the Upanishad, "Seek knowledge with Sraddha-bhakti-dhyana-yogadavehi faith, devotion, meditation in yoga , not ritual works, not wealth, not offsprings".
Beyond heaven, in the heart, that which shines within, states Brahma in verse 3 of the Upanishad, is the destination of those who have understood the meaning of Vedanta doctrine.
These are the ones, asserts the Upanishad, who revere their teachers Guru , who live a life of virtuous self-restraint, in their Ashrama stage of life. The verse 4 references a fragment each from section 3. The text then iconographically paints god Shiva, as the one who is the companion of Uma , with three eyes, blue neck, the calm wonderful lord imbued with intelligence and bliss, the source of everything. This supreme, states Kaivalya Upanishad, is the eternal, the all-pervading, formless , unmanifest, infinite, inconceivable, one without beginning or middle or end, one which is chidananda "consciousness-bliss".
Know him, find liberation, there is no other way, states verse 9. The Kaivalya Upanishad asserts that one must see "his Atman soul in all beings, and all beings in his Atman" to attain salvation, there is no other way.
In verse 11, the text makes a reference to a fragment from section 1. It is, states the text, the third state, everything comes to rest, in whole, in peace, in bliss. According to Chester Starr , a professor of History, the next two verses of the Upanishad crystallize the ancient Hindu thought.
Brahman, the supreme soul of all, the great resting place of universe, The subtlest of the subtle, eternal, you yourself are it, and it's you! The verse 17 of the text repeats, that all three states, experienced when one is awake, when one dreams, when one is in deep dreamless sleep, is illuminated therein. The text, in verses 18 to 24 describes the state of liberated renouncer.
The liberated renouncer, feels he is the knower, the perceiver, the one to learn the Vedas, the one to perfect the Vedas, states verse 22 of the text. In the end, the glories of reciting the Kaivalya Upanishad are told. Recitation of this Upanishad, asserts the epilogue, frees one of various sins, end the cycle of samsara birth-death-rebirth , gains Supreme Knowledge and kaivalya. The style of the text's epilogue, that is the concluding verses, is odd and different from the rest of the text.
Commentaries on the Kaivalya Upanishad are written by Brahmayogin c. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Scriptures and texts. The state of Self-realization He who sees himself in all beings, And all beings in him, attains the highest Brahman , not by any other means. Milford, Oxford university press, p. Vedanta Spiritual Library. Retrieved 8 January Flight of the Alone to the Alone. Penguin Books Limited. Kena and Other Upanishads. Sri Aurobindo Ashram Publication Department.
Hinduism topics. Rigveda Yajurveda Samaveda Atharvaveda. Samhita Brahmana Aranyaka. Ayurveda Dhanurveda Natya Shastra Sthapatyaveda. Category Portal. History of Shaivism. Kedarnath Tungnath Rudranath Madhyamaheshwar Kalpeshwar. Rathina Pon Velli Thamira Chitira. The Upanishads.
Kaivalya Upanishad Text
It represents, by itself, the foundation of metaphysical realization. The Upanishad examines the three states of Being Virat, Hiranyagarbha and Isvara considering them simply as a chiaroscuro, a phenomenon of the Fourth State or Turiya which is the Absolute Reality. The karikas commentary in verse by Gaudapada are divided into four chapters prakarana and attempt to give formal expression to a truth experienced by the great asparsin Master; these karikas have been extensively and profoundly commented on by Shankara who takes up the vast hinduist and buddhist philosophical theme. The notes by Raphael, at the end of each chapter, make a remarkable contribution to the metaphysical theme and offer useful clarifications of the Doctrine. The publication of this most important philosophical text is worthy of note because an integral edition of the work is not easy to find. The Upanishads are an integral part of the Vedas and represent the primeval Tradition; they constitute the Vedanta itself in its essence.
Kaivalya Upanishad – Verses in Sanskrit script
Kaivalya Upanishad - By Anantha Krishna Sastry