DR MARIMBA ANI YURUGU PDF

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This adds to a collective false sense of equality, and reinforces the trap of consensus in the art world. This time Natasha A. Kelly looks at how the title still proves relevant in understanding the continuity and centrality of racist thoughts and racial myths in Germany and Europe. Amma, the supreme God of the Dogon people of West Africa, created all beings according to the universal principle of complementarity.

In one case, however, a male existence named Yurugu did not want to wait for the completion of his full formation process. Instead, he arrogantly competed with Amma, which resulted in his spirit being incomplete. They are brought together in the asili , the root principle of the culture. Neither the character of the European utamaroho nor the nature of its utamawazo are alterable unless the asili itself changes.

Her model describes the European worldview utamawazo as structured by ideology and biology. Its vital force utamaroho is domination, which is reflected in the imposition of European culture and civilization on peoples around the world.

The question of national identity is therefore essential to inspire the people to achieve what they perceive to be greatness. According to Ani, European cultural history reveals the centrality of myth and myth-making to political successes. In Spain, England, and other European countries, the desire to be associated with a German was compelling. The myth of the Ayran soon became a conviction that helped Germans to seek power over others.

For example, Martin Luther, who was celebrated for his inspiration of religious reformation, was above all a German nationalist rebelling against the control of Latin Christians. He compared the Pope to the Antichrist and gave voice to national feelings of the German people who felt exploited by Rome.

Centuries later, Adolf Hitler would follow in the same tradition. The earlier claims by biblical characters were then replaced by racial and nationalistic ideologies. Only few national states could consider the liberation from National Socialism their victory.

Europeanization eventually re- gained strength, which in a cultural context referred to the loss of national identities through the emergence and alignment with a unifying European identity — with the myth of Aryan descent always reigning supreme. Moreover, the various manifestations of the European self-image reveal an utamaroho that is consistent with that of white nationalism. Thus, the concept of asili allows for the unveiling Eurocentric worldviews and dominance by observing the various expressions and characteristics of European identity through an African-centered lens.

And this, according to Ani, is the only perspective from which Europe can be observed as culturally and ideologically incomplete. Natasha A. Kelly is a British-German editor, author, and lecturer holding a PhD in Communication Studies and Sociology, her research focusing on colonialism and feminism.

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By Dr. Marimba Ani. All people, all over the world, throughout history have shared in common the fact that they belong to a culture of origin. That is a universal reality. Another equally important universal reality is that there are many, many different cultures in the world and each of them is unique. The uniqueness of a culture is what gives specialness to its members. The members of a culture are bonded together by their shared culture, which gives them a sense of collective identity.

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Dr. Marimba Ani – The Fundamentals of Yurugu

This adds to a collective false sense of equality, and reinforces the trap of consensus in the art world. This time Natasha A. Kelly looks at how the title still proves relevant in understanding the continuity and centrality of racist thoughts and racial myths in Germany and Europe. Amma, the supreme God of the Dogon people of West Africa, created all beings according to the universal principle of complementarity. In one case, however, a male existence named Yurugu did not want to wait for the completion of his full formation process. Instead, he arrogantly competed with Amma, which resulted in his spirit being incomplete.

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Dr. Marimba Ani : An African-Centered Critique of European Cultural Thought and Behavior

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