The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report. Aitken AD,
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Although they may fly in stores at any time there are peaks of flight activity at dusk and dawn. The larvae live in the stored food, only leaving it to find a suitable pupation site.
As the larvae move through the stored food they leave trails of silk. This material accumulates to become a thick webbing that may cause serious contamination.
Cultural Control and Sanitary Methods Good store hygiene plays an important role in limiting infestation by these species. The removal of infested residues from the previous season's harvest is essential, as is general hygiene in stores such as ensuring that all spillage is removed and cracks and crevices filled.
Biological Control Successful mass release of the parasite Habrobracon hebetor against C. Africa Urban and Schmidt, Traditionally, the control of these moth and beetle pests was achieved using two fumigations per season along with routine surface spraying of stores with contact insecticide and frequent space fogging. On a test basis, it has proved possible to limit fumigation to once a season to control beetles, and to rely on mass release of H. To manage this system, appropriate traps were used to monitor the populations of beetles, moths and parasites.
Chemical Control Due to the variable regulations around de- registration of pesticides, we are for the moment not including any specific chemical control recommendations. Adults do not feed during their short lives but stored food is contaminated with dead bodies, frass, excreta and larval webbing. External factsheets English. Biovision Factsheets, Biovision Foundation, , English language.
External factsheets Portuguese. Cookies on Plantwise Knowledge Bank. Close Find out more. Species Page. On this page:. Related treatment support. Prevention and control. For information on how to access the CPC, click here. Distribution You can pan and zoom the map. Unsupported Web Browser: One or more of the features that are needed to show you the maps functionality are not available in the web browser that you are using. Please consider upgrading your browser to the latest version or installing a new browser.
Avena sativa oats. Cocos nucifera coconut. Ficus carica common fig. Glycine max soyabean. Gossypium cotton. Helianthus annuus sunflower.
Juglans regia walnut. Linum usitatissimum flax. Mangifera indica mango. Manihot esculenta cassava. Myristica fragrans nutmeg. Oryza sativa rice. Panicum miliaceum millet. Parkia timoriana. Pennisetum glaucum pearl millet.
Phoenix dactylifera date-palm. Prunus armeniaca apricot. Prunus dulcis almond. Psidium guajava guava. Quassia simarouba mountain damson. Secale cereale rye. Sesamum indicum sesame. Sorghum bicolor sorghum. Theobroma cacao cocoa. Triticum wheat. Triticum aestivum wheat. Vigna unguiculata cowpea. Zea mays maize. Fruit - external feeding. Seeds - external feeding. Storage pests. Post-harvest of vegetables. Show more factsheet.
List of symptoms / signs
The almond moth or tropical warehouse moth Cadra cautella is a small, stored-product pest. Almond moths infest flour , bran , oats , and other grains , as well as dried fruits. This species may be confused with the related Indian mealmoth Plodia interpunctella or the Mediterranean flour moth Ephestia kuehniella , which are also common pantry pests in the same subfamily. Other common names, particularly in nonbiological literature, are dried currant moth and fig moth, which invite confusion with the close relatives Cadra figulilella raisin moth and Cadra calidella dried fruit moth. Like the raisin moth, the almond moth has achieved an essentially cosmopolitan distribution due to inadvertent transport with food products in its larval form. Adults live for about 10 days after eclosion and do not eat, but may drink if water is available. The mating system is polygamous ; however, many females will only mate once.
Almond moth (Cadra cautella)
Click on images to enlarge. Adult moth of the tropical warehouse moth, Cadra cautella. Image source unknown. Larva of the tropical warehouse moth, Cadra cautella. Adult of the tropical warehouse moth, Cadra cautella.