Aryabhata was one of the great mathematicians and astronomers from the classical era in India. In fact, he is considered to be the first great mathematician in a long line of visionary mathematicians who would emerge from India from the classical era onward. His published works were many years ahead of their time and a significant amount of modern mathematics and astronomy can be traced back to the studies and works associated with him. Aryabhata was born around A.

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Aryabhata , also called Aryabhata I or Aryabhata the Elder , born , possibly Ashmaka or Kusumapura, India , astronomer and the earliest Indian mathematician whose work and history are available to modern scholars. He is also known as Aryabhata I or Aryabhata the Elder to distinguish him from a 10th-century Indian mathematician of the same name. He flourished in Kusumapura—near Patalipurta Patna , then the capital of the Gupta dynasty —where he composed at least two works, Aryabhatiya c.

Aryabhata became famous as a mathematician and astronomer. In his only surviving work, Aryabhatiya , he covered a wide range of topics, such as extracting square roots , solving quadratic equations , and predicting eclipses.

The translation of Aryabhatiya into Arabic at the end of the 8th century exercised a great influence on the development of mathematical astronomy in the Islamic world.

Its contents are preserved to some extent in the works of Varahamihira flourished c. It is one of the earliest astronomical works to assign the start of each day to midnight. Aryabhatiya was particularly popular in South India, where numerous mathematicians over the ensuing millennium wrote commentaries. The work was written in verse couplets and deals with mathematics and astronomy.

In Ganita Aryabhata names the first 10 decimal places and gives algorithms for obtaining square and cubic roots, using the decimal number system.

Using the Pythagorean theorem , he obtained one of the two methods for constructing his table of sines. He also realized that second-order sine difference is proportional to sine.

Mathematical series, quadratic equations , compound interest involving a quadratic equation , proportions ratios , and the solution of various linear equations are among the arithmetic and algebraic topics included. With Kala-kriya Aryabhata turned to astronomy—in particular, treating planetary motion along the ecliptic. Aryabhatiya ends with spherical astronomy in Gola , where he applied plane trigonometry to spherical geometry by projecting points and lines on the surface of a sphere onto appropriate planes.

Aryabhata also correctly ascribed the luminosity of the Moon and planets to reflected sunlight. The Indian government named its first satellite Aryabhata launched in his honour.

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Aryabhata in the late 5th century was the greatest mathematician of his age. He introduced the concepts of zero and decimals. Varahamihira of the Gupta age was a profound scholar of all the sciences and arts, from botany to astronomy and from military science to….

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## Aryabhata the Elder

Aryabhata , also called Aryabhata I or Aryabhata the Elder , born , possibly Ashmaka or Kusumapura, India , astronomer and the earliest Indian mathematician whose work and history are available to modern scholars. He is also known as Aryabhata I or Aryabhata the Elder to distinguish him from a 10th-century Indian mathematician of the same name. He flourished in Kusumapura—near Patalipurta Patna , then the capital of the Gupta dynasty —where he composed at least two works, Aryabhatiya c. Aryabhata became famous as a mathematician and astronomer. In his only surviving work, Aryabhatiya , he covered a wide range of topics, such as extracting square roots , solving quadratic equations , and predicting eclipses. The translation of Aryabhatiya into Arabic at the end of the 8th century exercised a great influence on the development of mathematical astronomy in the Islamic world. Its contents are preserved to some extent in the works of Varahamihira flourished c.

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## Aryabhata II

View one larger picture. Biography Aryabhata is also known as Aryabhata I to distinguish him from the later mathematician of the same name who lived about years later. Al-Biruni has not helped in understanding Aryabhata's life, for he seemed to believe that there were two different mathematicians called Aryabhata living at the same time. He therefore created a confusion of two different Aryabhatas which was not clarified until when B Datta showed that al-Biruni 's two Aryabhatas were one and the same person. We have given Kusumapura, thought to be close to Pataliputra which was refounded as Patna in Bihar in , as the place of Aryabhata's birth but this is far from certain, as is even the location of Kusumapura itself. As Parameswaran writes in [ 26 ] Some conjecture that he was born in south India, perhaps Kerala, Tamil Nadu or Andhra Pradesh, while others conjecture that he was born in the north-east of India, perhaps in Bengal.

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## Aryabhata (Mathematician): History & Biography

It is however definite that he travelled to Kusumapara modern day Patna for studies and even resided there for some time. It is mentioned in a few places that Aryabhata was the head of the educational institute in Kusumapara. The University of Nalanda had an observatory in its premises so it is hypothesized that Aryabhata was the principal of the university as well. On the other hand some other commentaries mention that he belonged to Kerala.