AMORPHOPHALLUS CAMPANULATUS PDF

Elephant yam is a striking aroid with a flower spike crowned with a bulbous maroon knob and encircled by a fleshy maroon and green-blotched bract. The solitary leaf, which emerges after the flowering parts, resembles a small tree. Amorphophallus paeoniifolius has been in cultivation throughout tropical Asia for centuries. The tubers are the third most important carbohydrate source after rice and maize in Indonesia.

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Corm is prescribed in bronchitis, asthma, abdominal pain, emesis, dysentery, enlargement of spleen, piles, elephantiasis, diseases due to vitiated blood, rheumatic swellings. Along with other therapeutic applications, The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India indicates the use of corm in prostatic hyperplasia. The corm is irritant due to the presence of calcium oxalate.

It can be consumed after it is washed well and boiled in tamarind water or butter milk. The corm contains an active diastatic enzyme amylase, betulinic acid, tricontane, lupeol, stigmasterol, beta-sitosterol and its palmitate and glucose, galactose, rhamnose and xylose. Intake of 3. Skip to main content Skip to table of contents. This service is more advanced with JavaScript available. Indian Medicinal Plants Edition. Editors: C. Contents Search. Amorphophallus campanulatus Roxb. Blume ex Decne.

Authors Authors and affiliations C. Reference work entry First Online: 08 July How to cite. Family Araceae. Habitat Native to tropical Asia; cultivated throughout India. English Elephant-foot Yam. Unani Zamin-qand, Zamikand.

Kaathukarunai wild var. Action Corm is prescribed in bronchitis, asthma, abdominal pain, emesis, dysentery, enlargement of spleen, piles, elephantiasis, diseases due to vitiated blood, rheumatic swellings. This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Khare 1 1. New Delhi India.

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Amorphophallus paeoniifolius

Amorphophallus paeoniifolius Dennst. Amorphophallus paeoniifolius , the Elephant Yam, belongs to the Aroid family, Araceae. This family contains many plants recognised as having horticultural appeal such as the Arum Lilies, Monstera , Syngonium and Philodendron. The family is characterised by its inflorescence, consisting of a fleshy spike of small flowers spadix usually subtended by a large bract spathe. Amorphophallus paeoniifolius occurs through the tropics, from India to New Guinea and to Australia where it is found in tropical Queensland and Northern Territory in seasonally dry areas. The species was previously called Amorphophallus campanulatus.

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Amorphophallus paeoniifolius , the elephant foot yam [4] or whitespot giant arum , [5] [6] is a tropical tuber crop grown primarily in Africa, South Asia, Southeast Asia and the tropical Pacific islands. Because of its production potential and popularity as a vegetable in various cuisines, it can be raised as a cash crop. Its origin and center of domestication was formerly considered to be India , where it is most widely utilized as a food resource in recent times. But a genetic study in have shown that Indian populations of elephant foot yams have lower genetic diversity than those in Island Southeast Asia, therefore it is now believed that elephant foot yams originated from Island Southeast Asia and spread westwards into Thailand and India, resulting in three independent domestication events. From Island Southeast Asia, they were also spread even further west into Madagascar , and eastwards to coastal New Guinea and Oceania by the Austronesian migrations , though they may have spread south into Australia without human intervention. The plant blooms annually around the beginning of the rainy season.

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Amorphophallus paeoniifolius Dennst. If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here. If you would like to support this site, please consider Donating. Home Search Contact.

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Back Flora 1 6 Description and Ethnobotany Growth Form Deciduous herbaceous aroid shrub, up to 2. Solitary stem-like leaf stalk is fleshy, green and speckled with attractive paler green spots or blotches. Stalk arises from undeground tuber to reach 1.

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